Cervical cancer starts with cells located in the cervix, the lower part of the uterus. Cervical cancer is sometimes referred to as uterine cancer or cervical cancer. Generally, cervical cancer occurs in cells in the transformation zone. These cells do not necessarily turn into cancer. However, gradually the normal cells develop into pre-cancer which then develops into cancer.
Signs and Symptoms of Cervical Cancer
Women with early stage cervical cancer usually do not show any signs or symptoms. But the symptoms and signs will appear when the cancer has begun to develop and attack the tissue around the cervix.
The following signs of cervical cancer:
- Unusual bleeding in v4g, such as bleeding after intercourse, bleeding after menopause, bleeding between menstrual periods, and menstruation that is longer and more severe than usual.
- Unusual discharge from v4-gin4, this liquid can contain blood and occur between two menstrual periods or after menopause.
- Pain when having sex.
However, these signs and symptoms can also be caused by conditions other than cervical cancer. For example, there is an infection that causes pain or bleeding. However, if you experience symptoms like this or other suspicious symptoms, immediately check your health. Ignoring these symptoms can cause cancer to progress to a further stage and reduce the chances of healing.
Know the Causes of the occurrence of Cervical Cancer
There are several causes of the risk of cervical cancer, among them.
1. Invasion of HPV (Human Papilloma Virus)
The most important risk factor for cancer of the cervix or cervical cancer is infection by the human papilloma virus (HPV). HPV is a group of viruses consisting of more than 150 related viruses, some of which cause a type of cancerous growth called papilloma.
HPV can infect cells in the skin surface, which are on the surface of the genitals, anus, mouth, and esophagus, not in the blood or internal organs such as the heart and lungs. The HPV virus can spread from one person to another when skin contact occurs. One of the most common spreads of HPV is via s3k5, including v4-gin-4l s3k5, anal s3k5, and even oral s3k5.
When someone smokes, he and the people around him are exposed to many cancer-causing chemicals that affect not only the lungs. These harmful substances are absorbed through the lungs and carried into the bloodstream throughout the body. Women who smoke are twice as likely to develop cervical cancer as non-smokers. Scientists believe that substances in cigarettes are very harmful to DNA from cervical cells and contribute greatly to the growth of cervical cancer. Smoking also makes the immune system less effective against HPV infection.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes AIDS. Women who are infected with HIV have a higher potential for cervical cancer.
4. Chlamydia infection
Chlamydia is known as a bacterium that infects the reproductive system. Spread through s3k5 connection. Chlamydia infection can cause inflammation of the hip, which then causes sterility. Some studies have shown a higher risk of cervical cancer in women whose blood test results are proven to contain chlamydia a.
5. Lack of vegetables and fruits
Women who lack vegetables and fruits are more at risk for cervical cancer.
6. Excess weight
Having a weight that is too fat is also at risk for cervical cancer.
7. Use of oral contraceptives
The use of oral contraceptives and birth control pills in the long term is known to potentially increase the risk of cervical cancer or cervical cancer.
8. Pregnant under the age of 17 years
The age of women who are pregnant under 17 years is more susceptible to the risk of cervical cancer two times higher than those who delay pregnancy at the age of 25 years or more.
9. Have a family affected by cervical cancer
Cancer can be related to hereditary diseases derived through DNA. A woman who is known to have family members affected by cervical cancer is twice the risk compared to those without a family member with cervical cancer.
How to Prevent Cervical Cancer
As mentioned symptoms and risk factors for cervical cancer, prevention is to carry out activities or activities to reduce the risk of cervical cancer, including avoiding smoking, becoming pregnant at a young age, using oral contraception, not making free s3k5 connections, and so on.
Mentioned above that people affected by cervical cancer or cervical cancer in the early stages do not show any signs or symptoms. Therefore, one of the best ways to find out is to do periodic checks, namely screening using a Pap test (which can also be combined with HPV testing).
Early detection has the potential for successful healing and prevention of cervical cells becoming cancerous. If it is still early stage or is just beginning to develop, the treatment can easily use laser irradiation.However, if it is at an early stage, the treatment is using chemotherapy and radio therapy which is known to be high cost. However, if you have reached the advanced stage, the chances of recovery are very thin, and can even cause death.